1. Trauma from a fall, or a heavy blow from a collision. Even if your pet is conscious and walking around after trauma, internal injuries or complications can become life-threatening hours or even days later. Only an exam, x-rays or other testing can ensure that your pet is fine after an accident.
2. Bleeding that is profuse, and cannot be stopped. Bleeding from a cut, puncture or orifice that continues or can’t be stopped by applying pressure needs immediate attention.
3. If your pet’s abdomen is hard, distended or bloated, you should seek care immediately. Your pet could be suffering a very dangerous gastric condition.
4. Inability to urinate or straining to eliminate a very small amount can mean that your pet has a full or partial urinary blockage, which needs immediate attention.
5. Uncontrolled vomiting or refusal to eat and drink for more than 36 hours. These can be symptoms of many conditions, but don’t wait too long to call a veterinarian. Your pet can become seriously dehydrated if he can’t keep down food or refuses both food and water.
6. Ingestion of poison, such as rodent poison, insecticide, medications or anti-freeze. If you believe that your pet has eaten a poisonous substance, take your pet to a veterinarian immediately. Bring a sample of the poison, or it’s packaging.
7. Seizures that last more than a few minutes or occur one after the other with little time in between. Lengthy and repeated seizures demand immediate attention.
8. Any burn or electric shock. Almost all burns require immediate attention and are very painful. Be aware that pets often chew electrical cords and can suffer complications from electrocution.
9. Sudden swelling of the face, head or neck should be checked right away. Also, any injury or trauma to the eyes is an emergency that requires immediate care.
10. Sudden disorientation, sudden lameness, or an inability to rise and stand or walk without falling over, are all potential emergencies.
**Call a veterinarian for advice if your pet displays any of these symptoms**